Let’s go to the moon

          Abstract  :

 Jules Verne’s novel “From the Earth to the Moon” will be read and students will be asked to design rockets.

SubjectPhysics:
NEWTON’s Laws of Motion -Explain the relationship between the concepts of force, acceleration and mass.
Explain action-reaction forces with examples.
Determines the direction of the net force and calculates its magnitude.
Make calculations about the motion of the object under net force.
Math:
Mathematical model
Students are enabled to obtain the mathematical model between impulse and momentum by making use of Newton’s second law of motion.
Literature and language:
To be effective communicators by using listening, reading, writing and speaking strategies correctly and appropriately, Developing their reading comprehension and critical reading skills through texts and gaining the habit of reading, To answer questions, to produce solutions, to share their findings, etc., obtained from various sources analyze and evaluate for purposes  
TopicThe novel “From the Earth to the Moon” by Jules Verne is read. Then the class is asked the question: “The story is also notable in that Verne attempted to do some rough calculations as to the requirements for the cannon and in that, considering the comparative lack of empirical data on the subject at the time, some of his figures are remarkably accurate. However, his scenario turned out to be impractical for safe manned space travel since a much longer barrel would have been required to reach escape velocity while limiting acceleration to survivable limits for the passengers.” If you were, what kind of rocket would you send to the Moon?  
The Project Gutenberg eBook of From the Earth to the Moon, Direct in  Ninety-Seven Hours and Twenty Minutes: and a Trip Round It, by Jules Verne
The image : http://www.gutenberg.org/files/44278/44278-h/44278-h.htm
Age range of students16-18 years old.

Preparation time
60’’ The novel should be read beforehand.
https://www.airbus.com/company/sustainability/airbus-foundation/discovery-space/kids/mission-to-the-moon.html#medialist-video-video-all_ml_0-1
The video on the link is played.
Discusse about the novel.
https://www.instructables.com/howto/rocket/
Videos about the construction of the rocket are showed.
Teaching time
180’
Explain the relationship between the concepts of force, acceleration and mass.
Students are enabled to obtain the mathematical model between impulse and momentum by making use of Newton’s second law of motion
To answer questions, to produce solutions, to share their findings, etc., obtained from various sources analyze and evaluate for purposes
 
Online teaching material
Students’ thoughts about traveling to the Moon will be taken with the “padlet”.
They will be asked to design a poster with “Canva” about their travel to the moon.
Rocket design will be made with the TinkerCad program.
Airbus Foundation Discovery Space – Mission to the Moon (Fly me to
the Moon):
 https://www.airbus.com/company/sustainability/airbus-foundation/discovery-space/kids/mission-to-the-moon.html#medialist-video-video-all_ml_0-1
 
Instructables:
https://www.instructables.com/Messy-Rocket/
YouTube:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u51PNrtHRN8&ab_channel=Tongu%C3%A7Akademi
 
Offline teaching material
Materials:
1 Film Canister – The kind where the lid snaps in, they are usually translucent white.
1 Plastic Syringe – Ask at your local drugstore for an Oral Syringe.
Baking Soda – Doesn’t matter how much.
Vinegar – Again doesn’t matter how much.
Paper – Plain printer paper, or construction paper if you like colour.
Tape – Regular scotch tape.
Scissors – They only need to be able to cut paper.

Aim of the lesson / Learning Objectives

The students will learn and apply Newtons Second Law of Motion in a way that makes sense to them…

“The more massive an object is… the more force it takes to accelerate it” “Heavy stuff takes more force to move”

-The students will learn and apply the basic principles of  Newtons Third Law of Motion…

“To every action there is an equal and opposite reaction” “if you push something it will push back”

-The students will understand Newtons First Law of Motion.

-Students will build a simple rocket. They will create a basic design. They will learn to think creatively, to design and solve problems.

-The students will learn to use basic tools to construct a working project.

Results of the lesson

“Through creativity and innovation, students will learn to design rockets to go to the Moon and test whether their rockets are working: They will realize that a rocket needs propulsion to launch. They will try to launch the rocket using different propulsion forces. They will discuss Jules Verne’s novel and develop critical thinking and problem solving skills. “

Name of activityProcedureTime
IntroductionThe novel “From the Earth to the Moon” by Jules Verne read by students. Then discussions are held with the students about the novel. Students share their thoughts in the “Padlet” that opens. They vote on each other’s opinions.10’
Travel to the Moon Explanation of the subject  https://www.airbus.com/company/sustainability/airbus-foundation/discovery-space/kids/mission-to-the-moon.html#medialist-video-video-all_ml_0-1 After watching the video, it is discussed how to get to the Moon.  30’
Let ‘s do it Design phasehttps://www.instructables.com/howto/rocket/ After watching the video, They design rockets in the TinkerCad program.  45’
Are we ready to launch our rocket?https://www.instructables.com/Messy-Rocket/  After watching the video, They complete the rocket design and are ready to launch.  60’
Poster and logoRockets design a poster for the launch day. Students will give a name to their rockets and design a logo.20’
EvaluationFeedback to the class on what has been learned and rubric evaluation is done.15’

Assessment:

QualificationsShould be improved (1)Good (2)Perfect (3)
Building the Rocket (20p)The rocket is not at the desired level and is not completely finishedRocket createdThe rocket was created and visuality was added.
Launching the Rocket (20p)Rocket not launchedRocket launchedRocket launched too far
Rocket construction stage presentation (20p)Presentation was not enoughPresentation explanatoryThe presentation is descriptive and beautifully done
Poster Rating (20p)The poster does not fit the subjectThe poster is on the subjectThe poster is relevant and beautifully designed
Naming the rocket and its logo (20p)No name and logoThere is a name, no logo. Or there is a logo and no name.The settlement was named and the logo was designed.

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