I know space, I’m designing a Mars Rover

The aim of the lesson plan is to provide students with knowledge about planets, solar system and space exploration vehicles at a young age. They will make a design by having fun and learning by themselves by getting to know the Mars Discovery tool. they will recognize


In our Thematic Learning and Stem Adventure project, we worked on Mars Rover design simultaneously with 28 teachers and 8 European countries. We encouraged children to express their creativity by enabling different thinking skills with STEM activities.
Introductory Stage
Children are informed about what we see when we look at the sky, what space is, the name and features of the planet we live in. “What is space? What’s in space? With the questions, students are allowed to think.

• The bag in which previously prepared celestial bodies are placed is handled.
• A background board is hung on the wall.
• It is said that the children will be asked questions about the figures that will come out of the bag, if the answers are known, the figures will be glued to the cardboard and the picture will always be completed together.
• What is the name of the planet we live on? (World)
• After the children answer the world, the world is glued to the picture cardboard. • What warms the earth? (Sun)
• What lights the world at night? (Moon, stars) • What are the vehicles with which we can travel in space? (Spaceship) • A person who works in space, wearing special clothes? (Astronaut)
• Space picture is completed.
• Start brainstorming about how it might be to move through space (Slow steps, like flying). Then, the simulation is made of walking in space.


Discovery phase
After giving information about space and planets, a matching game with pictures about space is played with the children.

https://learningapps.org/display?v=p6cmx3k4n20
Disclosure Stage
Scientists are said to use a variety of satellites and reconnaissance tools to explore space and anthem. It is a probe to Mars. He will study a region of Mars called Jezero Crater. This traveler will answer many questions about the Red Planet. They are guided to understand the subject with various visuals and videos.
Deepening phase
Parents are asked to observe the stars with their children. Teacher chat about the stars in the online lesson. One day looking at the sky when the sky is covered with stars. The hunter constellation (Orion), the Ursa Minor, the Ursa Minor, the dragon, the shepherd, and the constellations that are widely known to be the northern crown. The Pole Star used is also said to be one of the seven stars of the Little Dipper. The constellation is a collection of unchanging stars in the sky that always remain the same with respect to each other. Each designated constellation in the sky represents a specific and precise area. Thus, it is said that the 88 constellations can cover the whole sky, and the conversation continues with the questions from the students.
With the cards symbolizing the constellations, they are guided to design three-dimensional star sets with toothpicks, sticks, chenille, colored matchsticks and soft materials such as chickpeas, marshmallow, play dough, etc.

STEM engineering process;
How to design a spacecraft to land safely on the Moon? Landing safely and learning to live on the Moon or other planetary bodies will give us an advantage in exploring Mars and other targets in the solar system. Explains why it is important for astronauts to travel to and from the moon safely.
It is difficult to land on the moon. First, a spacecraft has to slow down as it can travel at a very high speed (18,000 miles per hour (29,000 km / h) on its way to the moon. Then it has to descend slowly.
Today, they are guided to make a landing craft – a spacecraft that can safely land when you drop it on the moon’s floor.
Design and build a shock-absorbing system that will protect two “astronauts” when they land their spacecraft. In this challenge, students follow the engineering design process to:

  1. Design and build a shock-absorbing system from paper, straws and mini candies.
    2.Install its shock absorbers on a cardboard platform
    What kind of shock absorber can you make out of these materials to soften a landing? (Mini candies can act as a soft footbed. Cards can be folded in a bow shape. Straws can provide a flexible structure. Rubber bands can flex and hold together.)
    Materials Required for Lander:
  • 1 piece of hard paper or cardboard (approx. 4 x 5 inches / 10 x 13 cm) – 1 small paper or plastic cup – 3 index cards (3 x 5) /, 8 x 13 cm – 2 regular marshmallows – 10 miniature marshmallows
  • 3 rubber bands – plastic straws – Scissors – Band

Evaluation
The designs made by the children were introduced at the virtual meeting

Project supervisor;Esem Özdeş ERDEN and Petra PETKOVA

İpek Özek

Anastasiya Pendova

Derya Acar Aktaş

Anila Hoxhaj

Ayşe Hicran Öner

Emrah Han

Firdevs İrem Kartal

Gülşen Birol

Merve Aktaş

Rabia Aksu Özova

Sevil Akbulut

Sabrie Myumyun

Κατερίνα Ντίμου

Antonella De Marco

Atanaska Tacheva

Barbara Teślak 

Rajmonda Mataj

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