NBS to Prevent Carbon Emission


How will the new generations growing up in environmental problems such as carbon emission and global warming deal with this problem?

In this Learning Senario it is aimed to find a solution to global warming and to increase awareness.
First, the students answer the pre-test questions. Then, by watching videos on the subject, discussion is started, brainstormed and they share their thoughts in the pedlette. They watch scientific resources, global warming studies and videos on climate change. After that, Reviews IPCC 2020 and IPBES 2019 report. To learn about citizens’ views on environmental problems, students go to a park and try to identify problems by meeting with the citizens there.But, the park was not visited (due to the epidemic)

Using Web 2.0 tools, they make posters, videos, and puzzles about the environment they want to live in. In the first activity, it calculates the carbon emission per person with the carbon footprint calculator. Accordingly, they calculate the number of trees we need to plant per person. Then they try to find nature-based solutions to prevent carbon emissions. In second activity, “What can we do to reduce plastic waste? “They look for the answer to the question. They are doing a “Let’s make bioplastic” activity. Finally, they answer the final test questions.

The pedagogical values ​​of the activities: to enable students to be creative, responsible, independent, self-confident, collaborative individuals

SubjectBiology  –  Ecology – Chemistry- Math- Environment
İmplementation20-25 April 2021
Age of student11-14
Preparation time30 min
Teaching time6 hour
On line materialPadlet, Kahoot, Canva, postermywall, wordwall, wordart, Google Forms, mentimeter,  pixton, chatterpix, jigsaw, zoom.
about LS

Aim of The Learning Scenario

In this learning scenario, they will experience the decision-making process by thinking like a chemist, biochemist, environmental engineer, computer programmer, designer. Thus, students will be able to find solutions to real-world problems. At the same time, students will conduct experimental research and learn about the ecosystem through their research. Also, they will create posters, puzzles, videos and present their research. So they will have experienced 21st century skills.

Integration into the curriculum

The learning scenario is suitable for the curriculum. Above all,discusses the causes and possible consequences of the greenhouse effect and global climate changes. Questions how environmental problems can affect the future of the Earth and human life in the context of global warming and global climate change. It is careful to act efficiently in the use of resources. Designs projects for the efficient use of resources. Explains the importance of sorting solid waste for recycling. İn addition, it offers solutions by specifying future problems if resources do not use efficiently.


STEM Learning, Collaborative Learning, Inverted class, Mobil learning, Open Source Learning, Personal Learning Environment, Student-Centered Learning, Project-Based Learning

21st century skills

  • Critical Thinking: Understand the effects of environmental problems and think about solutions
  • Collaboration: Collaborate within and between groups
  • Creativity: Designing products using their creativity
  • Communication: Strengthening communication skills
  • Problem solving: They will try to solve the problems they face to face.
  • Productivity: Designing products
  • Digital competence

Description about NBS and Carbon Emissions

Watch videos with explanations about carbon emissions and its consequences.




Brainstorming and discussion

Environmental problems are increasing day by day. Think of yourself as an environmental engineer. İf you were, how would you solve this problem? Discuss the problem.

What are the causes of environmental problems? Do you have any solution to avoid Carbon Emissions? Can we find solutions to reduce the effects of environmental pollution? Firstly, students discuss the questions. Secondly, they share on pedlet the problems they face in their environment. After that,they comment on each other on the topics they share in Padlet. Pupils design posters reflecting environmental problems with Web 2.0 tools. They, prepare a puzzle game from the posters they have prepared.


Students go to a nearby park and make interviews. Questions should be prepared in advance and answers recorded or noted. For example, what do you think about environmental problems like carbon emission and global warming? But we did not do this activity due to the pandemic. A word cloud on environmental issues was created with Wordart.

Students are asked what kind of world they want to live in. They make a video about “my dream world” using Web 2.0 tools. Thus, the students shared their beautiful dreams with each other.

My dream world

Activity 1:


What is global warming and, greenhouse effect and climate change? What is recycling?

Our world is warming up… According to measurements made in recent years, greenhouse gases in the Earth’s atmosphere cause more of the heat they lose. As a result, glaciers are melting in our increasingly warmer world. Snowfall is decreasing. In short, the climate of our world is changing. In other words, carbon dioxide gases accumulating in the atmosphere cause global warming and climate changes.Therefore, if we recognize the factors that affect global warming and act consciously, we can reduce our carbon footprint.

The amount of carbon dioxide released into the atmosphere can be measured by the carbon footprint, meaning the damage individuals and companies leave to the world.Following the explanations, students calculate their carbon footprint using the Carbon Footprint Calculator, If desired, a tree-planting campaign can start.

Last, students create avatars with pixton and make them talk to chatterpix to design slogans on environmental problems such as global warming.


The results were evaluated and recorded. According to the survey results, the average carbon footprint per person is shown in the graphic below.

survey results and footprint per person

According to the results of our school, the average carbon footprint is 6.3 tons. As long as a tree lives, it breathes 0.73 tons of carbon dioxide. As a result of, the number of trees to be planted per person in our school is 9. At the end of the activity if possible, a tree planting campaign can be started.

They are asked to produce solutions on this issue. After that, answers to the question of how to prevent carbon emission and global warming were noted on pedlet.. Nature Based Solutions To Prevent Carbon Emissions:

answers to the question of how to prevent global warming were noted. https://drive.google.com/file/d/1nwzlMXM-reWPpA-os13cGcYKJwTatdjw/view?usp=sharing

Activity 2:

İntroduction: What is the role of plastics in carbon emission and global warming?

We use plastic materials in many areas of our daily life. Because, plastics are easy to shape. It also provides heat and electrical insulation. Some of the plastics are recycled. However, plastic waste that cannot be recycled is becoming a huge threat to our world. If you were a biochemist, what solution would you find? Could using bioplastics be a solution? Students will learn with information about the subject using various resource.

Let’s make bioplastics

First, the materials required to make Bioplastics are informed to students. Than, they make bioplastics.


1 tablespoon starch, 4 tablespoons water, 1 teaspoon glycerin, 1 teaspoon vinegar, Pot or coffee pot, Food Dye, Aluminum foil and Heater


Firstly, put the water and starch in the pot and mix. Secondly, add vinegar and glycerin on it. Add food coloring to the mixture that we prepare optionally. Than,Heat, stirring, to a gel-like consistency and spread it on aluminum foil and let it dry for two to three days. Finally, Keep it in the mold for two or three days.

Bu görselin boş bir alt özelliği var; dosya ismi: bioplastik-calismalari.png
Make bioplastics

drive.google.com/file/d/1aBwcLXSus7LVuJ1x6l08pxMibTnp9er2/view?usp=sharing(opens in a new tab)

My LS: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1V2ttjeRxjUZ-MYs17yM2B-xad_rOI0EQ/view?usp=sharing

All the visuals belong to the Author – Attribution CC-BY