Forest footprint grassland footprint agriculture footprint
Grassland Footprint: Like meat, leather, wool and milk animal breeding to obtain products make; forage products produced on agricultural land, in natural environments or on farms It requires the use of fish feeds and pasture areas reserved for grazing. world approximately 3.5 billion hectares of natural and there is a semi-natural pasture area. While calculating the footprint of the pasture area, the amount of animal feed available in a certain country and the feed obtained from the grazing lands are required for all animals within a year. Comparing the amount
Forest Area Footprint: Forest areas are needed for the production of pulp, timber, industrial wood and firewood. Approximately 3.9 billion hectares of forests worldwide There is an area (Kitzes et al., 2007: 5). National The forest footprint consists of the sum of products obtained from abroad and national sources. Disruption of the integrity of forest lands, footprints such as non-conservation of biological diversity, climate changes and the separation of forest areas that need to be protected for wood production The factors not included in the calculations reduce the capacity of forests to continue ecosystem services.
Within the scope of the 21-26 March “Forest Week” activities, our 1st, 2nd and 3rd grade students, TEMA Foundation Ankara - Gölbaşı representative Dr. They interviewed Deniz ACARAY.
How to Reduce the Ecological Footprint? 1. Energy production needs to be improved; The carbon footprint, which is the biggest responsible for the ecological footprint, emerges as a result of burning fossil fuels. Our biggest support for decarbonisation is to improve our consumption / production habits and renewable energy sources that reduce our dependence on fossil fuels. 2. The existence of water areas and usable water; It is one of the basic values necessary for the continuity of all the living things of the world and the ecosystem. Sufficient and good quality accessible water is an indispensable element that must be protected for both health, productivity and livability. 3. Using natural resources in a balanced way; We need to use agricultural areas, pastures, forests, wetlands and seas, which are specified as production areas, knowing that they are limited. Moreover, even keeping natural resources renewable, clean and healthy is not enough. At the same time, waste should be minimized. 4. Keeping the population under control; population growth is a very important factor that directly affects the ecological footprint. A city, region, country or the whole world has a human capacity to support. This limit, which has already been crossed, poses a great threat for the coming years. The population should be kept under control, rapid population growth should be prevented, and people should be made aware of this issue. 5. Spreading back lining; The dissemination of recycling policies is very important for the renewability of natural resources, reduction of waste, increasing the efficiency of production activities, reducing the resources demanded by production from the environment and reducing carbon emissions at the stage of providing raw materials. 6. Using substances that nature can transform; It will reduce waste and carbon emissions. Recyclable products should be preferred instead of materials that cannot be recycled by nature such as heavy metals, toxic substances and synthetics. 7. Prioritizing ecological values in urban planning by local administrations; Monitoring policies such as protecting animal, plant populations and habitats in which beneficial organisms live, use of bio-energy, recycling studies, and incentives for public transport is one of its main duties. 8. Development of ecological awareness; It is one of the fundamental values that must spread from individual to family, from city to society, from countries to the world.
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