Class: Kindergarten


Recommended Time: 25×5 Minutes

Concepts: time, space, location, direction

With the Stem approach aimed within the scope of the Green Stem eTwinning Project, planned at the end of the discovery learning process;
“*Develops prototypes as part of a circular design process.
*Develops strategies that leverage technology to achieve personal learning goals. It is aimed that students create a product by using the “clock, compass and electrical circuit” activities and the process cycle of imagination and design.
It is our basic approach to train individuals who have developed the knowledge and skills acquired at the end of this learning process, and students who have developed transfer skills, who design and produce, who are sensitive to the environment and the world they live in, who can design their own future, who can work in teams, who offer solutions and produce.

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Source: Gülsüm Atile

Problem Statement: How do we understand the passage of time? How do we find our direction.
How does a light bulb light? What is the name of the insect that gives natural chic? What do we invent by looking at this insect?

Students are asked to bring their broken watches from home.
Clocks are removed and put back on. Clock is a tool for measuring time.
It allows to measure the difference between two different times within the scales created by humans.
The angles between the digits of the clock are 30 degrees. The clock is considered one of the most important inventions in the world.
There are many types of watches. Clocks that we hang on the walls and wear on our wrists accompany us in a large area of our lives.
The watch, which we can follow the time, also has an adventure of invention. So, who found the clock? Who invented the clock? When was the clock discovered? The clock was first used in Egypt around 4000 BC.
The Egyptians discovered that the Sun rises and sets in a certain order every day. Taking advantage of this, they succeeded in inventing the sundial.
In this type of clock, the hour was calculated by looking at the shadow length formed by an upright object according to the angle of incidence of the Sun.
However, the sundial was lacking. He could not work at night because there was no sun. Thereupon, the Ancient Egyptians invented the hourglass and the water clock.

The date 1524 went down in history as the first date in which wind-up watches were made. German locksmith Peter Henlien produced the first known wind-up watch in history.

In the 1550s, the number of mechanical watches in the world had increased greatly, and the winding watches were replaced by mechanical watches.

Most of the watches produced were of German and French production. In 1575, Swedish and English manufacturers appeared. But at that time, watches were seen as an accessory tool.

 In other words, watches were a fashion attempt, apart from the development of the watch literally.

Changes after 1600 did not essentially change this view of fashion and accessories. Now watches were seen as pure jewelery and were worth jewellery.

The first pendulum clock was produced in 1656.

In 1704, a manufacturer named Dullier tried to replace some of the brass pieces with jewellery.

The pendulum clock made by George Graham in 1721 broke new ground with its punctuality. This pendulum clock was only running 1 second a day.

The watch made by John Harrison in 1761 was the one with the lowest strabismus rate among watches made up to that time. Just 0.02 seconds per day was a surprise, the maker of this watch, John Harrison, was awarded the prize money. The prize was worth $10 million.

In 1800, a pocket chronometer was made for the first time, meaning the second was pocketed for the first time.

In 1850, a large-scale watch factory was opened for the first time in America, and mass production began for the first time.

In 1952, the first battery-powered watches began to be produced, working with batteries “miraculously” and reaching the durability and precision that no winding watch could match.

In 1970, the first electronic clocks in history began to appear in the markets.


Astronomical watch,Astrarium,Atomic watch,Quantum watch,Quartz watch,Marine timepiece,

Wristwatch,Waterproof wristwatch,Analog watch,Train watch,Solar watch,Diving watch,Pocket watch,

Braille watch,Mechanical watch,Automatic watch ,Stopwatch,Water clock,Cuckoo clock,Pendulum clock,

Digital clock,Turkish Clock,Fire clock,Electronic clock,Real time clock,Beacon clock,Game clock,Tourbillon,

Timer,Turret clock,Time clock,Tide clock,Talking clock, Alarm clock,Oil lamp clock,Chemical clock,Street clock,

Torsionally pendulum clock,Color changing clock,Rolling ball clock,Nuremberg clock,Fireplace clock,Musical clock,

Lantern clock,Lighthouse clock,Flip clock,Flying pendulum clock,Transport clock ,Cartel clock,Bracket clock,Dual clock

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Source: Gülsüm Atile / Permission from parents given to Gülsüm Atile
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Source: Gülsüm Atile / Permission from parents given to Gülsüm Atile
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Source: Gülsüm Atile / Permission from parents given to Gülsüm Atile
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Source: Gülsüm Atile
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Source: Gülsüm Atile / Permission from parents given to Gülsüm Atile


A device used primarily in transportation and land surveying, to determine directions on Earth.

Compasses; They work magnetically or gyroscopically or with the principles of determining direction relative to a star. The oldest type of compass is the magnetic compass that shows the directions according to the Earth’s magnetic field, and the word compass is often used synonymously with the magnetic compass.

The magnetic compass is a magnetized needle that is used to observe the direction of the earth’s magnetic field and helps to find a position by taking bearings. It is contained in a box made of a non-magnetic material.

 Other measuring devices, the basic organ of which consists of a movable magnet, are also referred to by this name.

Compass has been translated into Turkish from bussola which is an Italian word .

The working principle of the compass: The compass needle, which is the most important part of the magnetic compass and is in a magnetic field, is mounted on the compass body so that it can move freely.

When the compass needle is released, it always points in the same direction. The pointing of the needle in the same direction is due to the fact that there is a force on earth that pulls the needle. The earth is like a gigantic magnet with one end to the north and the other to the south. The magnetism of the earth causes the compass needle to rotate towards the magnetic north (the north pole of the magnetic field).

The first compasses were produced using magnet stone. First, the sailors; When they placed a small piece of magnet stone on a litter and dropped it into the water, they discovered that the litter aligns with the Earth’s magnetic field lines and one end points to the Pole Star.

This discovery was immediately followed by a second one. An iron or steel needle, which was brought into contact with the magnet stone for a long time, was also aligned in the north-south direction.

The compass was probably discovered separately by Chinese and European sailors in the 12th century.

According to another theory, it was first discovered by the Chinese and reached European civilization through the Arabs.[citation needed]

The first mention of the compass in France began in 1200. This was followed by England in 1207 and Iceland in 1213. Back then, the compass had a primitive structure.

The first important development was Pierre de Maricourt (1269). After threading the needle into a mile, he placed it inside a graduated box with one side transparent.

ART ACTIVITY: Pictures of clock types are now complemented by materials.


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Source: Gülsüm Atile
Source: Gülsüm Atile / Permission from parents given to Gülsüm Atile

DEEPENING: Engineering Integration:



 Using switch, generator, and socket to make circuits and recognize the three elements that must be present in an electrical circuit. Making open circuit and closed circuit according to the switch state.


1-How can we create a simple electrical circuit? What elements are in an electric circuit? Discuss.

2-How to create series and parallel circuits in an electrical circuit? Please search.

3-What do you understand when you say open circuit and closed circuit? Discuss.


1.power supply

2nd socket (with lamp)

3rd key

4.connection cable


1-Plug a connection cable to the ( + ) and ( – ) poles of the power supply.

2-Connect one end of the connection cable to the switch and the other end to the light bulb.

3-When the key is in the on position, turn on the power supply by bringing it to 3-4.5 volts.

4- Observe that the bulb does not light when the key is in the open position.

5-This time, turn off the switch, complete the circuit and observe that the bulb is lit.

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Circuit with no current is called “open circuit”, circuit with current is called “closed circuit”.


The uninterrupted conductive path that provides the movement of electric charges from one end of the generator to the other is called an “electrical circuit”. The direction of the current in an electrical circuit is from the (+) pole to the (-) pole.

Mathematics Integration:

Placing the numbers of the clock correctly. Placing the directions of the compass correctly. Placing the materials correctly in a simple electrical circuit.

The project-based learning method is applied by using the learning-by-doing method.

EVALUATION :Attributes Yes No Undecided
Engineering:How many batteries did you put in the electrical circuit?   
Measuring: Does the bulb turn on when the switch is opened in the electrical circuit?   
Time: When the switch in the electrical circuit is closed, the bulb goes out.     
Was it fun to build the electrics?   
Do you want to do the same activity again?   
Can we find our way when we lose our way?   
We find our way with the compass.   
Does the clock show the time?   
Did you like the activities?   
Author : Scientix Ambassador Gülsüm Atile Hakkı Tatoğlu Primary School Muratpaşa / Antalya

Project Team :

Aynur Akhundova Qobustan, Cəyirli kənd ümumi orta məktəbi Azerbaijan Stanisława Stępień Kindergarten Self-Government No.18 in Kielce/Poland Apostalia Beka-4th kindergarten of N. lonia Greece
Melek Çılgın-Mustafa Şimşek Kindrgarten-Antalya-Türkiye
Joana HG Leitao, EB Caneira-Montijo, Portugal
Şerife Uysal-Şekibe Aksoy Primary School-Konya /Türkiye Salih Çalık-Kestel Mehmet Akif Ersoy Primary School-Bursa/Türkiye
Ayça Demir-Türkoğlu Primary School-Ankara/Türkiye
Emel Cansevdi-Helvacı Primary School-İzmir/Türkiye
Mehtap Demirel-Şehit Bebek Mustafa Bedirhan Karakaya Kindergarten Małgorzata Ira Specjalny Ośrodek Szkolno-Wychowawczy im. ks. J. Twardowskiego w Radomsku Poland Valentina Shkreta Fushe Kruje, Albania Ndrec Cup
Tuba Şen-Şehit Faruk Erarslanoğlu Primary School-Ankara/Türkiye
Seher Bedir-Çukurca Fan Club Primary School/Türkiye Nurullah Gürbüz Kestel Mehmet Akif Ersoy Primary School-Bursa/Türkiye Evangelia Triantafyllou 2nd Kindergarten Peania Attica Greece Maria Zindato ICS “Sant’Eufemia” di Lamezia Terme Italy


  1. A great project, that takes kids to the next level. Glad to be part of it.

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