With the rapidly growing technology in line with the needs of people, industry brought ambient problems with it. One of these problems was the pollution that would disrupt the ecological balance, such as air pollution and water pollution. With the disruption of the ecological balance, the lives of aquatic and terrestrial species were also endangered. While the generations of some living things decrease, the human population continues to increase inversely. So with the increasing human population, people must meet their physiological needs and their nutritional needs. Thus, thanks to soil-less agriculture, we have achieved vertical agriculture, ecological balance and efficient production.
NBS topics covered in the learning scenario:
Sustainable Development Green spaces and urban transformation; Economic opportunities and green jobs I asked middle school students aged 10-14 to create a sustainable living space with soil-less agriculture by using waste materials with distance online education in 3 90-minute lessons. Thus, students met the agricultural needs of the growing population. I have enabled them to grow their own crops with landless agriculture in areas where agricultural land has decreased with the decrease of cultivated areas and increase of buildings.
The aim of the project was to enable students to gain an interdisciplinary perspective on rapid growths and changes in science, technology, engineering and mathematics and to realize their projects concretely. Thus, we wanted students without equal chance to closely follow growths and changes in technology, science and engineering. We organize STEM events with our teachers and students from 4 different countries, including Turkey, Croatia, Azerbaijan and Jordan, and 15 schools in our project that we have realized within the scope of the eTwinning project. In this project, we set on our teachers and students to get to know STEM events and we wanted their skills to develop. We applied the Engineering Design Process while doing STEM activities. So In this process, we applied the engineering design process in 5 stages as problem situation, possible solutions, the most suitable solution, model and testing.
In our project, we planned to organize a total of 6 STEM events, two of them in March, April and May. Our events consisted of daily life problems. STEM events in March were to design an earthquake-proof building and an earthquake-proof settling. Our STEM events in April were to design the tallest tower for the water treatment system and signaling problem. STEM events in May were to design the Recycle bag and Space rocket. While explaining the engineering design process, we gave an example of our tallest tower event in April below.
Engineering is generally perceived as a profession. But engineering problem-solving can be seen as the process of creating a product design and producing a product. Societies from antiquity to the present have sought answers to the needs of the period they live in. While searching for these answers, they made use of science, technology and engineering. For the continuation of vital activities, they created solutions for basic needs such as shelter and nutrition and built caves, houses, temples and palaces for shelter. In addition, they used agricultural land for feeding and they tried to make agricultural products productive by making irrigation channels in these lands. It is seen that they are doing work that requires engineering studies while meeting their shelter and nutrition needs.
Engineering is the transformation of the materials and forces/energies in nature into structures, machines, products and processes in the most efficient way that reveals new technologies by using the findings of science, mathematics and technology. In engineering, the product is designed. The engineering design process is a process that determines the best way to solve engineering problems.