How Do Things Fly Against Gravity?

  • Abstract
Paper planes

Within the scope of Airbus Foundation Discovery SpaceAerospace in Classroom“, we discussed the topic of “The Importance of Gravity and Aviation” with our students at our school with an education that includes models and simulators, and to raise aviation awareness. We examined gravity-defying birds, planes, and helicopters, discovered vehicles that fly against gravity. After examining the flight mechanisms, we designed our own flying objects.

Aim of the lesson / Learning Objectives

Students understand that the gravitational pull between the Earth and the sun and the moon is very important, that it is almost impossible for us to live without gravity. They research birds, planes, and helicopters that snow on gravity and understand how they fly.

Results of the lesson

Students who understand the importance of gravity and discover how planes fly, make and fly their planes with materials in their homes.
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Let’s go to the moon

          Abstract  :

 Jules Verne’s novel “From the Earth to the Moon” will be read and students will be asked to design rockets.

NEWTON’s Laws of Motion -Explain the relationship between the concepts of force, acceleration and mass.
Explain action-reaction forces with examples.
Determines the direction of the net force and calculates its magnitude.
Make calculations about the motion of the object under net force.
Mathematical model
Students are enabled to obtain the mathematical model between impulse and momentum by making use of Newton’s second law of motion.
Literature and language:
To be effective communicators by using listening, reading, writing and speaking strategies correctly and appropriately, Developing their reading comprehension and critical reading skills through texts and gaining the habit of reading, To answer questions, to produce solutions, to share their findings, etc., obtained from various sources analyze and evaluate for purposes  
TopicThe novel “From the Earth to the Moon” by Jules Verne is read. Then the class is asked the question: “The story is also notable in that Verne attempted to do some rough calculations as to the requirements for the cannon and in that, considering the comparative lack of empirical data on the subject at the time, some of his figures are remarkably accurate. However, his scenario turned out to be impractical for safe manned space travel since a much longer barrel would have been required to reach escape velocity while limiting acceleration to survivable limits for the passengers.” If you were, what kind of rocket would you send to the Moon?  
The Project Gutenberg eBook of From the Earth to the Moon, Direct in  Ninety-Seven Hours and Twenty Minutes: and a Trip Round It, by Jules Verne
The image :
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Flight of fancy: An imaginative though realistic idea

The online implementation of an AERO Learning Scenario with 8th graders

Author: Maravelaki Sofronia


Flight of fancy is an AERO Learning Scenario (LS) that was designed during the Aerospace in Class MOOC, coordinated by European Schoolnet (EUN), and part of the “Aerospace in Class” project. The participation in the MOOC provided me with the incentive, knowledge and materials to design and implement the LS with my students. I am a teacher of English in a lower secondary public school in Greece and I was so excited with all the information I had acquired during the MOOC that I really wanted to share it with my students. STEM subjects have always fascinated me and with the “A” added to the term – STEAM – I have the opportunity to combine my discipline – language Arts – with science, technology, engineering and mathematics to my everyday teaching. The learning scenario was implemented exclusively online (March-April 2021) with my 8th-grade students (13-14 years old) as in Greece we have been in an emergency remote teaching (ERT) situation since October 2020 (with few in between small onsite teaching breaks). The LS was submitted in the STEM ALLIANCE & STE(A)M IT COMPETITION / 2021 STEM DISCOVERY CAMPAIGN in the “Scientix Competition 2: STEM Resources”.  English, History, Engineering, and Technology are combined with the resources of the Airbus Foundation and offer students with no previous familiarity with the topic, a unique way of experiencing the science of flying.

“Flight of fancy: An imaginative though realistic idea” is a learning scenario that focuses on the science of flight and leads the students into a journey to the history of flying and the pioneers who made the imaginative task of flying realistic and achievable. Through the stories of the Wright Brothers, the inventors of the airoplane and Amelia Earhart, the first woman pilot to cross the Atlantic, students discover how flying machines were invented, powered, designed and evolved to satisfy the need for fast and safe long-distance transportation. The videos from the resources of the Airbus Foundation Discovery Space are an excellent means of inspiring students to explore aviation and learn the how what and why of flying!

Key words: History of flying, pioneers of flying, Aerospace in Class, Airbus Foundation, STEM

The image is the author’s own –(Attribution CC-BY)
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