# Examples of STEAM for ALL activities in Jean Monnet High School

In this article I will present the STEAM concerns of the students in our high school. These activities took place mostly within the eTwinning “Math travellers” project. The main theme was Art and Real Life. The materials were uploaded on the site specially created for this event STEAM for ALL 2022“.

Students use knowledge of mathematics, economics, art education, IT, English to complete 3 tasks:

1. Perform a simple statistical analysis of the M&M color frequency from a 40 gram bag.

a) They will sort the candies by color and record their absolute frequencies.

b) They will graphically represent the frequencies of colors using Microsoft Excel, calculate percentages, weighted arithmetic averages and be able to make predictions about the color composition of other packages

2. Using M&M candies to calculate sums of natural numbers, namely the sum of Gauss S = 1 + 2 + 3 + … + n and the sum of odd natural numbers S = 1 + 3 + 5 + … + 2n-1

3. Using candy to create drawings, figurines (on the occasion of the Easter holidays)

The activity took place within the eTwinning “Math Travelers” project

5th grade students from Jean Monnet High School participated.

The objectives of the activities carried out are:

## Experimental Procedure

In the classroom: in the first stage, groups of 2-3 students counted the candies for each color and the total number of candies in a package. Then they filled in the table on the math notebooks. On each row, they calculated the total number of candies, by color, as well as the total number of candies. As they went to the computer lab in the second hour, the students completed two more interesting tasks; they deduced the calculation formulas for the Gaussian sum as well as for the sum of the odd natural numbers using the arrangement of the candies in the form of a rectangle or a square, as in the following images. It was an unexpected discovery, but a pleasant one for everyone. At the end of the first hour, they played forming different flowers, figurines with the help of M & M’s candies. Then in the lab, they opened an excel sheet, filled out a similar table, and then inserted a column chart. They also calculated the average of the results per class and made comparisons with the results of the groups. It is very important that students have learned to use the Excel program. They really enjoyed working with it. The modeling they did proves that they were able to acquire IT skills in addition to math. Many of them worked in English, developing their communication skills. It was a creative activity, much loved by the students.

https://sites.google.com/view/steam-jean-monnet/5-grade/experiments

On April 14, 2022, in the STEAM video conference, held with the partners of the eTwinning Math Travelers project, the students presented all the experiments on the specially created site. The M & M’s Candy experiment of 5th grade students was much appreciated by colleagues from other countries.

# Data Science for Sustainable Development Goals

Data Science is undoubtedly one of the most popular research and application areas of today. The number of people who want to learn Data Science, which should be considered as an interdisciplinary field by its nature, is increasing day by day. The use of Eurostat data as a source in STEM Discovery Week 2021 is really impressive. The purpose of our project, which we call Data Science for Sustainable Development Goals, is Sustainable provided by Eurostat using data science. To explain the Sustainable Development Goals data by visualizing. Eurostat resources with the following links were used in the project. You can see the activity logo below!

There are 24 students between the ages of 14 and 17 in the study group. One third of the students are female students. All of the students are information technology students. Students have basic coding skills. They studied data science to understand Eurostat resources.

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# “Speaking numbers” and their use – Part 2.

Teaching in distance

Teachers: Sabrina Nappi in collaboration with Mario Di Fonza and Riccardo Di Pietro

Students: 14-16 years

DESCRIPTION: Analysing situations and problems of daily life with the aim of their mathematical formalization, we naturally introduce mathematical concepts.

This blog post represents the second part of the blog post on ‘Speaking number’ because it develops the challenges that the students have created after having studied statistics and the use of its tools.

Statistics: Sustainable development goals

Exercises about sustainable development goals of the Agenda 2030

After watching the introductory video about sustainable development goals, students will solve the exercises. When they are done with that, the following activity will be a mutual challenge in groups about creating problems whose structure is the same one as the sustainability themes previously carried out. They will develop this activity focusing on goals number 2,5,12,13.

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# “Speaking numbers” and their use

Teaching in distance (still in progress).
Teachers: Sabrina Nappi in collaboration with Mario Di Fonza and Riccardo Di Pietro
Students: 14-16 years

DESCRIPTION:
Analysing situations and problems of daily life with the aim of their mathematical formalization, we naturally introduce mathematical concepts and tools. Reading and interpreting data in a chart or, vice versa, filling in a chart with provided data, is not always so easy for our students.

Introduction to statistics

The starting point of the activity is the question “What does statistics study?” that we ask the students using the software “Mentimeter”.

Students reflect on the topic and make a list of some examples with statistics statements: “The average mark in maths in this class is 6”, “The average height of the students is 1.67 cm”, “Making pizza at home is a very trendy habit this year”.

Statistics helps us to move on from the outstanding variability of phenomena (economical, demographic, social ones etc.) to interpretive models of the surrounding reality, going through classification and abstraction.

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