Children are curious and they begin to know and perceive the world at an early age. From the moment they are born, they tend to explore the environment by observing. In the “concrete operations” period, children tend to learn information with the help of materials. The information of children that learned through material becomes more pernament and open to discuss so that’s why we designed a rocket from bottle that will work with water to help our students to improve the interest that they have about space in our eTwinning project “STEM in Space”.
First, we cut a conical cap and glued it as the tip of our plastik bottle and we made support legs from thick cardboard because our bottle was upside down. Then, we placed the relief valve in the cork stopper in such a way that water does not leak into the mouth of the bottle. Moreover, we put about a quarter of the water in the bottle. After that, we pumped air into the bottle with a bicycle pump. The plastic bottle jumped upwards in ten seconds.
To sum up, as we are awere of the importance of using materials during education period and we want to raise the interest of our students in STEM in Space topic, we desinged a rocket that can work with gas pressure. We hope it will be useful for my fellow colleagues and their dear students. I wish you an education life which is full of material learning eduation and of course space interest.
This is a multidisciplinary project including STEAM activities about the planet Mars in which students brainstormed and exchanged ideas on how to establish a settled life on it. During the project students did research about this planet on the internet and got help from their chemistry and art teachers. Firstly, they got to know this planet and they learned all the important features of it. After that, they tried to find some solutions about how to reveal water, create weather events in Mars atmosphere like in the world, use the soil for agriculture and build houses and Martian cities. During the activities students conducted an experiment on how to produce oxygen and designed draft plans for building houses and cities with the help of their science and art teachers. https://twinspace.etwinning.net/221452/home
Partners of the project:
Stavroula Prantsoudi (Greece), Albina Abromavaviciene (Lithuania), Cristina Laura Ionaşi and Gabriela Stan (Romania), Derya Şeleci and Tuğba Sağlam (Turkey)
Age range of the students: 13 – 16
Aims of the project:
1. Improving language skills (listening, speaking, reading, writing, vocabulary and pronunciation) in English. 2. Arousing curiosity about Mars and the idea of creating life on it. 3. Enabling students to form new ideas about how to provide living conditions on this planet. 4. Establishing friendly relations among students. 5. Increasing creativity and self-confidence of students.
Work Process (1st February – 30th April)
Before the main activities we aimed to inspire students to develop their imaginations and put forward new ideas about project topics. The main warm-up activity was watching the film “Martian”. In addition, there were two optional activities. These activities were playing the online games “TerraGenesis” and “Survival on Mars 3D”, and examining into the website “Access Mars with Google” (https://accessmars.withgoogle.com/).
Main Activities of the project:
There were six main activities in this project. For this reason, we divided all the students in this project into 6 mixed teams. Each team had a topic and worked on their topics by searching the Net, collaborating with their science and art teachers, and doing experiment and designing survival areas on Mars.
Team 1 : Let’s get to know Mars
With this activity we aimed to make the students learn about this planet detailedly. All the students in the team searched this topic on the net in the light of some guiding questions. What kind of planet is Mars? Why Mars? Why do we want to create a new life on Mars? What have NASA and the other space companies done for Mars so far? After that, they shared their findings and opinions to each other on the project forum pages.
Team 2 – Water on Mars
Water is vital need for all living things. There is no life without water. Therefore, students searched this topic on the net in the light of some guiding questions. Is there really water on Mars? If yes, how can we reveal it? Can humans create water and reproduce it on Mars? If yes, how? What are NASA’s efforts to find water on Mars? After that, they shared their findings and opinions to each other on the project forum pages.
Team 3 – Climate and Atmosphere of Mars
Breathing is essential for our lives. With this activity we aimed to make students learn about climate of Mars and how much each gas is present in the atmosphere of it.
All the students in the team searched this topic on the net in the light of some guiding questions: What are the characteristics of the atmosphere on Mars? How much oxygen is there? Is it possible to increase the oxygen rate? How is the climate on Mars? Is it possible to increase the temperature of Mars? Are atmospheric events happening on Mars? How can it be ensured that it rains regularly on Mars? What are the researches of scientists about the climate and atmosphere of Mars?
After that they shared their findings and opinions to each other on the project forum pages. Also the students conducted an electrolysis experiment on how to produce oxygen with their Chemistry teacher.
Mixed Team 4 – Agriculture on Mars
Food is also one of the basic needs for human life. With this activity we aimed to discover whether we can grow vegetables or fruit on Mars. All the students in the team searched this topic on the net in the light of some guiding questions: What does the soil on Mars consist of? How can the soil on Mars be made fertile for agriculture. Firstly, what plants can we grow on Mars? Can plants grow on with no soil, only water? What are the researches of scientists about its soil?
Mixed Team 5 – Building houses on Mars
What kind of houses must we build? We asked the students to do research on how to build Martian houses and put forward their own ideas in the light of it. Also some students designed a Martian house with the help of their art teacher . The guiding questions: Where can be exactly the most suitable place for life on this planet? What type of houses can be built? Which materials can be used to build a house? What are the researches of scientists about building a house on this planet? After that they shared their findings and opinions to each other on the project forum pages.
Mixed Team 6 – Building a city on Mars
How should we plan Martian cities for a sustainable life? Students did research on this topic by tring to find out answers of some guiding questions. What did NASA or the other space companies do about establishing a city on this planet? What should there be in a Martian city for a sustainable life? Which rules or laws should a city or country to be established have in order to make the life sustainable? In addition, some students drew the plans of Martian cities with the help of their art teachers, gave names to the cities and mentioned about features of them on forum pages.
City plans of Some Students and Their Features
Expected Outcomes of the project
At the end of the project we put all the findings together and created an e-book.
Our school’s art street studies were carried out. Our teachers worked very hard for the stem exhibition.
STEAM and Art Street work was carried out in the corridors of our school under the leadership of our school Technology and Design Teacher Zeynep KAYA and by Visual Arts Teacher Melih Ulaş Kılınç.
Thanks to (Zeynep KAYA ), Visual Arts Teacher( Melih Ulaş Kılınç) and students for their work.
Exhibition works of our school science teachers.
While we were making our exhibition, all our teachers worked very eagerly, and the students worked towards sustainable development goals.
The students exhibited model houses they made with solar energy panels as a solution to the goal of sustainable development (climate action).,With our exhibition, we partially achieved the goal of quality education, one of the sustainable development goals and our students had the chance to exhibit the materials they produced by doing and living. bridges with cultural significance, structures of historical importance, simple machines, and kindergarten students exhibited their eTwinning projects about recycle in our exhibition.
This exhibition was to increase students 21st century skills and raise awareness of real life problems. Participation was intense as parents, students, tradesmen and neighborhood. Our exhibition came to a very successful conclusion. Thanks to everyone who contributed.The school administration supported our work and always helped us, we also thank them.
During the last week of April we celebrate a thematic week related to STEAM disciplines to awaken the scientific and technological vocations of our students and ignite the flame of curiosity and learning.
We believe that science and technology are nowadays indispensable tools for economic and cultural development in any society. To be able to access what we call the “knowledge society”, it will be necessary to develop and increase the number of subjects.
Although we work daily from all disciplines in a transversal way on everything related to STEAM, it is considered essential to create a few days where everything that is done in the centre is focused on science, technology, engineering, mathematics, art, the environment…
On this occasion, the following activities were planned:
– Conference on the Protected Spaces of the Province of Jaén. Knowing what is close to us will make us love and respect it even more. The saying “think globally but act locally” is kept in mind. On this occasion we had the presence of a biologist, director of the Despeñaperros Natural Park.
– A theatrical performance titled “Alunizante”. A play which, through a dialogue and a presentation, shows the history of man’s journeys into space, as well as the future projects that are to be undertaken to visit the moon and even Mars. In a pleasant, approachable way and with touches of humour, the students are infected with the desire to learn a little more and to acquire knowledge of everything related to aerospace disciplines. We have the presence of a theatre group called Teatro La Paca, who thanks to their experience and dedication to the school environment are able to capture the students’ attention and involve them in the story.
– Maker Workshop. During the school year, the pupils have been developing a series of workshops in the classroom related to energy, electricity, mechanisms, programming, 3D printing, etc. Subsequently, the students have developed a script for their presentation to other students about what they have been studying during the previous months. To do this, students from 6th grade Primary School were invited to visit the centre and receive various workshops given by students from our school. The maker workshop consisted of ten corners where work was carried out:
o Construction of a magic can.
o Construction of an electric sweeper.
o Construction of a doodling robot.
o Making greeting cards using electrical circuits made of paper.
o Makey Makey. Fruit piano, interactive book, musical collage…
o Microbit. Programming the board and setting up the maqueen robot.
o Scratch. Programming workshop.
o Stop Motion. Making a short film using the stopmotion technique.
o Scornabot workshop. Programming for a robot to move around a gridded board following a series of routes and encouraging computational thinking.
o 3D printing workshop. Use of TinkerCad and Thingiverse. Downloading of parts in stl format, preparation of the part and printing.
The students have been involved in a very important way, tasting the benefits of teaching and the importance of science and technology for their future.
– Lecture given by professors from the Polytechnic School of the University of Jaén to explain why to study engineering and the projection it offers for the future that is on the horizon.
– Toys with science workshop, where through a series of experiences, practices and the use of various toys they were able to see the involvement of science in their functioning and the importance of this in our environment.
– Waves, sound and music workshop. Each of these aspects has been worked on, discovering through simple practices and experiments how waves, sound and therefore the generation of music are produced. The students were very involved.
– Recycled paper workshop. A session was held in which the pupils, following an established procedure, made paper from used paper. It has been a real discovery for them and they have learnt the importance of taking care of our resources, using them sparingly and putting them into circulation for later use.
– Homemade soap workshop. Soap was made from used oil, which will later be used for washing clothes. The pupils, guided by the science teachers, followed a series of steps to obtain this resource.
– Other workshops: Game on Climate Change, aloe vera, geometric hilarograms, creation of comics of scientists…
– Hiking. Outings to existing environments around the town to get to know the flora and fauna and to promote the enjoyment and care of our immediate environment based on respect, knowledge and fun.
– Poster exhibitions with information related to the environment, climate change and energy, where pupils, with a series of educational guides, have learnt about various aspects related to science, technology and the environment.
All this is necessary to surprise, excite and encourage curiosity in our students, which are the fundamental pillars, according to neuroscience and neuroeducation studies, to awaken the desire to learn in our students. In addition, it is of great importance to create monothematic sessions related to STEAM disciplines in order to bring scientific and technological knowledge closer in a different way.
The Art of Gravity is a multidisciplinary project carried out by 3 teachers of 2 different countries: Spain and Greece.
The lesson plan arises as a result of STEAM Scientix Modules, in order to be Scientix Ambassadors. We met in a special environment, sensitized to find a new way to approach science in the classroom, to provide students with enough tools to let them have in their minds the concern to research and to be possible future scientists.
This scenario contribute to show what gravity is and how to guide Primary School children to achieve this objective: using an experiential way, motivating them through gamification, and also using their bodies (music), their creativity (arts) their curiosity: IBSE, and computers (technology) in order to make them the concept interactive, attractive and more understandable. Cooperative Assessment is needed: peers participate in whole education process.
Our lesson plan is committed to experiential teaching. We believe the students are the protagonists of their own learning and to let them think is more important than memorizing mechanically.
The methodology, based on the intersection of Science and Art, in order to bring scientific thought closer to Primary School students, opens a door to interdisciplinarity, as in this case: the union of Music, Fine Arts and Science or, more precisely, the approach of concept of gravity, through music, sculpture and movement.
By observing, and starting from the most basic, the beat of our heart, we understood the meaning of the musical tempo and the questions arose, Inquiry Methodology, stimulating the curiosity to learn: at a slower tempo we move slowly, like being on the Moon.
“Why do we move slowly on the moon? Can we explain what gravity is? Is there earth on gravity? And in space?”
IBSE: Inquire Basic System Education.Children wrote down the their questions about gravity and space:doing a mural or doing a padlet attending to Covid 19 measures.
Through our body, music and movement we have experienced the effect of gravity, balance, strength-balance positions between couples, helping to overcome the tendency to fall, defying gravity.
The concern to know continued, “what is a black hole? Is there gravity?” We have created recycled instruments to imitate the magical sound of the cosmos and we have invented soundscapes, adding even musical apps, to imagine the feeling of being a space traveler.
After this introduction, children created an Arts and Crafts mobile to experiment where is the center of gravity.
IBSE: Inquire Basic System Education.Children wrote down the their questions about gravity and space:doing a mural or maybe suitable a padlet, attending to Covid 19 measures.
And children programmed a game, using Scratch to simulate a Space travel, and where gravity is the protagonist not to crash against asteroids.
And we added Engineering Tasks: Create a Spacecraft using Lego WeDo.
Pupils made a model of the universe, using simple materials. Then, they used paddlet to made the timeline.
To summarize all the project, children divided their work to focus in an important aspect about gravity and they worked using Google Drive Slides platform, in order to show to the other mates the work done in a presentation.
Finally, the project ended using several tools to do the assessment, and asking children to participate in an active evaluation done by themselves.
To conclude, we would like to introduce ourselves and also to explain our contribution in this common project:
Our STEAM team has been integrated by 3 peers,
Angeliki Theodosi. ICT Teacher at Ralleia Experimental Primary School in Piraeus, Greece. The purpose of the proposed activities is to introduce Science through Art, by creating mobiles to play and experiment with the center of gravity as well as by Programming a Game which the player has to defeat gravity using his/her voice (a fun way for children with hearing problems to experiment themselves on controlling their voice ). Also with their voice pupils can adapt the velocity of the robot.
Mireia Elias Gras. Music teacher at Can Fabra public school in Barcelona. The purpose to work science through music and body expression is to involve children to Gravity, beginning from the knowledge of their own body and their possibilities, experimenting gravity by themselves. Children inquire, research working in teams, exposition of solved questions and peers assessment coevaluation, to involve our students to whole learning process.
Angeliki Karageorgopoulou, ICT teacher in 2nd and 4th Primary Schools of Lamia, Central Greece. With the proposed activities, students delve into the concepts of Physics related with the creation and expansion of the Universe, the reason why galaxies are moving away from each other, the reason why the planets revolve around the sun and explain the spacetime curvature.
We three wish you like our STEAM PROJECT: THE ART OF GRAVITY!